Programming Taskbook


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1100 training tasks on programming

©  M. E. Abramyan (Southern Federal University), 1998–2018

 

Examples | Python | Simple task

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Solution of the simple task: Begin3

This section contains description of solving the following simple task in Python:

Begin3°. The sides a and b of a rectangle are given. Find the area S = ab and the perimeter P = 2(a + b) of the rectangle.

We shall use the IDLE Python as a programming environment, however the same results may be received in the PyCharm IDE that is also supported by Programming Taskbook.

Creating a template and acquaintance with the task

To create a template of the required task one should use PT4Load tool.

The template created for IDLE Python consists of two files: the file pt4.py which contains the pt4 module and the file Begin3.pyw which should contain the task solution. The file Begin3.pyw will be loaded into the IDLE Python:

The program imports all functions from the pt4 module and defines the solve function, which already contains the task function call that initializes the Begin3 task. The solution of the task should be entered in the solve function (of course any other functions may be used).

To run the program press [F5] key ([Shift]+[F10] in PyCharm). When the program is launched you will see two new windows: the Python Shell window and the Programming Taskbook window with a task text and initial data.


This running is considered as acquaintance running because the program does not perform input-output operations. To close the Programming Taskbook window click the "Exit" button or press [Esc] or {F5]/[F10] key in IDLE/PyCharm. Note that after closing the Programming Taskbook window the description of the program running will be output in the Python Shell window:

For return to the IDLE code editor you should click on its window or press the [Alt]+[Tab] key combination.

Initial data input

Before solving tasks you should input initial data in the program. In the Begin3 task the initial data are real numbers a and b that refer to sides of the rectangle.

There are two functions that provide input of the real numbers: the get function and the get_float function. The get_float function also checks type of the current data item and output error message if the type of data item differs from the float. Let's use the get_float function:

def solve():
  task("Begin3")
  a = get_float()
  b = get_float()

Run the program once again. You will see the new set of initial data. For each running of the program a new initial data are generated, so it is necessary to develop an algorithm that processes correctly all admissible sets of initial data.

Data input is performed correctly, but the program does not output results. In such situation we have the following message: "Correct data input: all required data are input, no data are output" (Programming Taskbook version 4.15 or higher) or "Some data are not output" (previous versions).

Calculation and output results

Let's perform the required calculations and output results using the put function:

def solve():
  task("Begin3")
  a = get_float()
  b = get_float()
  p = 2 * (a + b);
  s = a * b;
  put(P, S)

In this case the running leads to the following information in the status bar: "Error NameError: name 'P' is not defined". After closing the Programming Taskbook windows the more detailed error description will be output in the Python Shell window:

To correct the program it is enough to change its last statement as follows:

  put(p, s)

When the program is running you can see output values at the panel of results. Because we output data in inverse order, the status bar contains the error message "Wrong solution".


Right solution and its testing

To correct the last error it is enough to change order of two parameters of the put function:

  put(s, p)

When this program is running you will see the testing panel on screen:

This panel appears when the program processes successfully at least one set of input data. The progress bar shows the amount of tests which are already performed, the text above the bar allows to determine how much tests should be performed successfully. The program testing finishes in two cases: when all required tests are performed successfully or when some test is failed.

In our case the algorithm is correct, therefore the message "The task is solved!" will be shown.


To browse information about the task solving you can use PT4Results tool (you may run this tool by pressing the [F2] key or clicking the "Results" label in the upper-right corner of the Programming Taskbook window):

Begin3      y23/02 20:13 Acquaintance with the task.
Begin3      y04/02 15:07 Correct data input.
Begin3      y04/02 15:09 Error NameError.
Begin3      y04/02 15:12 Wrong solution.
Begin3      y04/02 15:15 The task is solved!

The letter "y" denotes the programming language being used (Python).

Remark. It is not necessary to use additional variables s and p, because you can output expressions. You can also use the get function instead of the get_float one:

def solve():
  task("Begin3")
  a = get()
  b = get()
  put(a * b, 2 * (a + b))

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Designed by
M. E. Abramyan and V. N. Braguilevsky

Last revised:
06.05.2018